ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF KAKAO DI PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT

  • Samsuddin Samsuddin Universitas Tomakaka
Keywords: strategy, improvement, excellence, competitive, cocoa

Abstract

Increased competitive advantage (competitiveness) of Indonesia cocoa becomes an important agenda in order face tight global competition. This research aimed (1) to determine the competitive advantage (Comparative Advantage) of cocoa commodities; (2) to investigate the competitive advantage of cocoa commodities (comparative advantage); (3. The research used a descriptivi-qualitative approach. The population included 5 regencies in West Sulawesi Province. The secondary data were obtained from the work force in the cocoa plantation in both West Sulawesi Province and lndonesia and from both the West Sulawesi Provincial Central Statistics Agency (BPS) and the National Central Statistics Agency. The analyses used were the Locational Qoutient (LQ) and SWOT analyses. The research results revealed that the cocoa commodities in West Sulawesi Province had a comparative advantage in the labor force in the cocoa plantation Sector. In general, since the last five years has the value of LQ> 1 or the average reaches 8.47. While the comparative advantage of the land area of cocoa based on a comparison with the Sulawesi area LQ value reached 2.99 in 2012. While the 2013-2014 experienced a drastic 0,95 and 0,89. That matter decline due to land conversion from cocoa to sawait.

Author Biography

Samsuddin Samsuddin, Universitas Tomakaka

Program Studi Agribisnis

References

David R. 2006. Strategic Management Concepts and Cases, Tenth edition, Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.

Frinces Z.H. 2011. Persaingan dan Daya Saing , cetakan ke-1. Yokyakarta: Penerbit mida Pustaka.

Gonarsyah. 2007. Defenisi Daya Saing Komoditias Berbasis Sumberdaya Alam,”. Pusat Studi Ekonomi Pertanian, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia. 2011. Buku MEA, Kemendag RI. http://www.kemendag.go.id/statistik_neraca_perdagangan_indonesia/. Diakses tanggal 10 September 2015 jam 20:37

Porter M. E. 1990. The Competitiveness of Nations, New York: The Free Press.

Ragimun dkk. 2012. Analisis Daya Saing Komoditas Kakao Indonesia. Pusat Kebijakan Ekonomi Makro Badan Kebijakan Fiskal Kemenkeu. Jakarta

Salvatore D. 1997. Teori Mikroekonomi. Jakarta : Erlangga.

Santoso. 2005. Rekayasa model manajemen risiko untuk pengembangan agroindustri buah-buahan secara berkelanjutan (disertasi). Bogor (ID): Sekolah Pascasarjana, IPB.

Sudaryanto T. & Munif A. 2005. Pelaksanaan Revitalisasi Pertanian. Agrimedia, Volume 10 No. 2, Desember 2005.

Sudiyono A. 2004. Pemasaran Pertanian. Universitas Muhamadiyah Malang. Malang.

Sugiyono. 2007. Metode Penelitian Bisnis, Alfabet, Bandung

Sugiyanto C. 2007. Ekonometrika Terapan Edisi II.Jakarta : PT.Rajagrafindo

Suhartono. 2008. Metode Penelitian Deskriptif. Yogyakarta: Mandiri Prima.

Published
2018-06-30
Section
Articles